guatemalan midwives defend human rights

On September 1, 2016, a constitutional amparo action was filed before the Supreme Court of Justice, in which the claim for non-compliance with the right to sexual and reproductive health with cultural relevance for indigenous women and the rights of ancestral midwives was claimed.

The right to life, the right to integral health, the right of indigenous women to live free of violence, denial of access to public entities, multiple acts of discrimination have been violated.

In hospitals and health centers, doctors deny receipt of diagnoses performed by midwives for the devaluation of their work. At the discretion of medical professionals, the midwife grandmothers are illiterate, call them by pejorative nicknames, force them to submit to the official system to control them without freedom of action according to their scientific knowledge from the ancestral culture, which has, among other consequences Indigenous women suffer obstetric violence from discrimination because they are cared for by midwives.

Midwives receive threats to carry out their work and blame them for maternal deaths.

In the year 2013, the Ministry of Health reports 124,668 births attended by midwives nationwide; An average of 6,000 the cost of each childbirth in private clinics, which multiplies an average of Q 748,008,000 the annual contribution of the midwife to the national health.

According to official statistics from the Ministry of Health, there are 23,000 midwives in Guatemala but the Indigenous Peoples Forum indicates that they have managed to identify more than 80,000 midwives nationwide. It implies that the Ministry of Health does not have a reliable record of midwives as a way of showing that the work of midwives is not registered or counted by the Ministry of Health.

It calls for horizontal coordination between the Western health system and the indigenous health system.

A positive response is expected from the current Minister of Health, considering that she has implemented her policy of inclusive health with cultural relevance, reason why, it is expected that generates a policy of awareness directed to the technical and administrative personnel so that doctors and doctors are Sensitive.

It is expected of these acts claimed, guaranteed and restituted human rights violated. Implementing a series of obligations of compliance to the health authorities setting deadline for the fulfillment of their obligations.

Writing a book is an individual experience based on collective political practices, “are some of the words that the writer Blanca Guifarro commented when presenting his book” From Feminism “at the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH).

Blanca Guifarro also creator of the career of Studies of the Woman in the UNAH and teacher for more than 35 years, realizes this work with the dedication for the new generations of men and women in the letters public in general.

“It intends to give contributions in the knowledge and from the reading to generate questions and to make new proposals considering that the new generations must be above the old generations that we have Already, “said Guifarro.

“The content of this book is the result of a sustained feminist practice over the years, in public appearances, in the development of workshops, seminars and in the creation and direction of five academic and militant spaces that have marked the exercise of my writing”.

For more than 20 years Guifarro has written several books on feminism where he states that “writing a book from feminism is a proposal affirmed in the conviction that being a woman goes beyond a biology of a body, that being a woman is assuming ourselves as Historical subjects that we build history and that we are history. ”